Interior lighting is one of the most important components of any decorating plan. Proper lighting will add depth, warmth, and mood to a space, while serving a functional purpose. Understanding the four basic types of interior lighting and their uses, is crucial in achieving a well lit home or workspace.
Task lighting illuminates work or specific areas, making the completion of visual tasks easier. The focused lighting serves to ease eye strain by increasing illuminance on the work area. However, task lighting must also be positioned correctly to provide the right amount of contrast; otherwise, contrast reduction will result in loss of visibility.
Accent lighting is a decorative lighting scheme used to highlight paintings, sculptures, plants, and other elements of interior design. To be effective, accent lighting should provide at least three times as much light on the focal point as the general lighting surrounding it.
Ambient lightingalso known as general lighting, is the overall illumination. It provides a comfortable amount of brightness without glare and helps define the parameters of a space. Ambient lighting can also be used to set the overall mood of a room.
Kinetic Lighting is light that moves, such as a flickering candle or the glow given off by a lit fireplace. Kinetic lighting gives any space a cozy and homey feel.
A Few Quick Lighting Tips:
- Every seating area should have some sort of light source; table lamps are ideal
- Decorative lamp shades and bases are not only functional, but can also serve as accent pieces in a space
- If a room seems closed in or cramped, let in the sunlight! Choose treatments that simply frame the window, rather than covering it up. Use sheer fabrics that allow light to enter. This will warm up the space and increase its “visual size.”
- To add interest and depth to a space, use up-lights in corners and behind plants for a stunning effect.
- Give yourself options with overhead lighting that can be used for tasks – as well as for creating a favorable ambiance – by using dimmer switches in each room instead of the typical light switch.